Задание 1. Выберите правильную форму глагола из двух предложенных.
1. The sausages … delicious. A. are tasting B. taste
2. He will be angry if you … home late. A. will come B. come
3. "How many exams … ?" "I think, five". A. does he pass B. has he passed
4. When … to take a course in statistics? A. did she choose B. has she chosen
5. Bill … about his answer during the lunch break. A. had been thinking B. thought
6. We are going to buy a car. By the end of next month our family …money for it. A. will save B. will have saved
Задание 2. Подчеркните сказуемое в предложении, определите его видовременную форму и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. E-mail has become a key part of the communications networks of most modern offices.
has become – Present Perfect Active.
Электронная почта стала ключевой частью коммуникативных сетей в наиболее современных офисах.
2. Since all e-mail addresses are written in Latin script, no special procedures are required to locate one in Russia.
are written – Present Simple Passive. are required to locate – Present Simple Passive.
Так как адреса пишут латинским алфавитом, специальных технологических процессов не нужно, чтобы разместить электронную почту на русском.
3. Newer-generation networks use optical fiber connections.
use – Present Simple Active.
Сети нового поколения используют соединения из оптического волокна.
Задание 3. Укажите, какой частью речи является выделенная форма: a) герундием (Gerund); b) инфинитивом(Infinitive); c) причастием настоящего времени (Participle I); d) причастием прошедшего времени (Participle II). Переведите предложения.
1. Other methods used (d) for wide-area networking include telephone and communications-satellite linkage.
Другие методы(способы), используемые для глобальных сетей включают телефонную и спутниковую связь.
2. E-mail services use a central computer to store (b) messages and data and to route them to their intended (d) destination.
Обслуживание электронной почты (E-mail сервис) использует центральный компьютер, чтобы хранить сообщения и данные и направлять их в назначенное направление.
Компьютер быстро охватил графический дизайн, производственное планирование, проектный(инженерный) дизайн.
Задание 4. Read the text. Then read the titles. Which of the following titles is the best?
a) Office Equipment. b) Office Automation. c) Computers and Periphery. d) How the Modem Works.
The rapid growth of the service sector of the economy has furnished a new market for sophisticated office automation. Computers с) either stand-alone or as part of a network and specialized software programs are taking over tasks such as facsimile transmission or FAX, mail, and telecommunications that were once performed by separate pieces of equipment. In fact, the computer has virtually taken the place of typewriters, calculators, and manual accounting techniques and is rapidly taking over graphics design, production scheduling, and engineering design. Desktop PCs have become increasingly affordable as a result of industry-wide adoption of the architecture of the PC introduced in 1981. Although it has become feasible to provide virtually every office worker with a PC, f) It is more cost-effective for PC users to share files and common peripherals such as printers, facsimile boards, modems, and scanners. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, many companies began programs of linking or "networking" multiple PCs into a unified system. The local area network (LAN) was created in response to the need for a standardized system of linking computers together in a company. The most common method used to connect computers to a network is by means of coaxial cables. Newer-generation networks use optical fiber connections. When computers are not in close physical proximity, networks may use microwave radio or infrared radiation to link the computers. Microwave radio requires a dish antenna for transmission and reception; infrared radiation requires a lens for transmission and a mirror and lens for reception. a) Other methods used for wide-area networking include telephone and communications-satellite linkage. The need for computer "connectivity" has established the usefulness of the peripheral device known as the modem. Modems permit two computers to communicate by telephone in order to access databases, transmit files, upload and download facsimile transmissions, and send and receive electronic mail. Early transmission speeds using this equipment were relatively slow—300 baud. e) Some modems now operate at speeds of more than 50,000 baud and have error-checking and data-compression features. Text materials in typed or printed form can be input directly into a computer by means of a scanner. To read text, optical character recognition (OCR) software must first be used to convert printed documents electronically into computer-readable files. Scanners obviate the need to rekey printed text in order to input it; they can also be used to input graphic material. Computer-based electronic message systems are an alternative to telephonic communications or conventional interoffice memoranda. E-mail has become a key part of the communications networks of most modern offices. Data and messages can be transmitted from one computer to another using telephone lines, microwave links, communications satellites, or other telecommunications equipment. d) The same message can be sent to a number of different addresses. E-mail is sent through a company's own local area network or beyond, through a nationwide or worldwide communications network. E-mail services use a central computer to store messages and data and to route them to their intended destination. With a subscription to a public e-mail network, an individual PC user needs only a modem and a telephone to send and receive written or vocal messages.
Задание 5. Read the text again. Choose the best sentence from the list below to complete each gap
a) Other methods used for wide-area networking include telephone and communications-satellite linkage. b) Since all e-mail addresses are written in Latin script, no special procedures are required to locate one in Russia. c) either stand-alone or as part of a network d) The same message can be sent to a number of different addresses. e) Some modems now operate at speeds of more than 50,000 baud and have error-checking and data-compression features. f) It is more cost-effective for PC users to share files and common peripherals such as printers, facsimile boards, modems, and scanners. g) It can narrow down the scope of the search considerably.
Задание 6. Choose the best answer to these questions according to the text.
1. When did it become possible to provide each office worker with a PC?
a) in 1981, b) in the late 1980s, c) in the early 1990s.
2. What may networks use to link computers, which are not in direct closeness?
a) optical fiber connections, b) telephone and communications – satellite linkage, c) microwave radio and infrared radiation.
3. How is the device, one of the functions of which is to send and receive electronic mail, called?
a) a scanner, b) a modem, c) a fax.
4. What is the device used to input graphic material?
a) a printer, b) a Xerox, c) a scanner.
5. What should a PC user have to subscribe to a public e-mail network?
a) modem and scanner, b) modem and telephone, c) telephone and printer.
Задание 7. Here are some dictionary definitions of words from the text. Each word has more than one definition. Choose the definition that fits each of the words in the text best.
1. program a) a scheduled radio or television broadcast, b) a sequence of instructions fed into a computer.
2. office a) a room or building where business is carried out, b) a position of authority.
3. satellite a) a planet orbiting another, b) a man-made object orbiting the earth, moon, etc.
4. address a) a place where a person resides, b) a specific memory location where information is stored.
Задание 8. Find words and expressions which mean the same as the following.
1. correspondence – documents
2. apparatus – equipment
3. to contain – to include
4. to allow – to permit
5. to keep – to store
Задание 9. Make up an outline of the text (7-9 sentences).
The given text shows the importance of computers nowadays. It begins with a brief description of the equipment that has been replaced by the desktop PCs and provides some theoretical background of their affordability. After that the author reports that in 80s-90s many companies began programs of linking desktop PCs into a unified system which contributed to the creation of local area network (LAN). The most common method used to connect computers to a network is by means of coaxial cables. The need for computer connectivity has established the usefulness of the modem that permits 2 computers to communicate by telephone. Another important device is a scanner by means of which text and graphic materials can be input directly into a computer. In conclusion E-mail is mentioned in the text. It is described as a key part of communications networks of most modern offices. E-mail is sent through a company’s own local area network or through a nationwide communications network. To conclude, the convenience of written and vocal messages is emphasized.