Задание 1. Укажите номера предложений, в которых окончание «-s» является показателем: a) множественного числа имени существительного; b) притяжательного падежа имени существительного; c) глагола в 3-м лице ед.числа Present Simple. 1. One day in 1895 in Bologna, Italy, an Italian engineer sent the world’s first radio signal. 2. Electronics encompasses an exceptionally broad range of technology. 3. All citizens enjoy freedom of speech, that is to say they are free to voice their opinions on any matter at meetings, in the press, on the radio and TV.
Answer: 1 – b), 2 – c), 3 – a).
Задание 2. Укажите номера предложений, в которых указательные местоимения this, these, that, those выступают как заместители ранее упомянутых существительных. Назовите эти существительные.
1. Those are the lorries carrying our brothers to the mines. 2. There are no richer art museums in this country than these of St Petersburg. 3. The electric power output in our country cannot compare to that of pre-revolutionary Russia.
Answer: 2 - art museums, these; 3 - The electric power, that.
Задание 3. Укажите номера предложений, в которых встречаются сравнительные конструкции, имеющие значение: a) такой же, … как; b) не такой, … как; с) чем; d) чем … тем.
1. After World War II Belarus had to build new industries, modernize plants and manufacture machines, as good as, and often superior to, those made in the West. 2. Building density in cities is very high, and the greater the scale of urbanization, the greater the need for reliable, exhaustive geological information. 3. Mathematics is more important for technical students than many other subjects. 4. Dave isn’t such a good footballer as he used to be.
Answer: 1 – a), 2 – d), 3 – c), 4 – b).
Задание 4. Read the text. Then read the titles. Which of the following titles is the best. a) TV and Radio. b) TV Companies. c) TV and «University of the Air». d) TV and Violence.
1. Watching television is one of the great British pastimes! Broadcasting in the United Kingdom is controlled by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA). 1 ____. 2. National radio is controlled by the BBC, and listeners can choose between four stations. Radio 1 is a pop-music station with news and magazine-style programs. Radio 2 plays light music and reports on sport. 3. 2 ____. There are many local stations, some private and some run by the BBC. Their programs consist mainly of music and local news. 4. The BBC has two TV channels. BBC 2 has more serious programs and news features. The IBA is responsible for looking after the regional independent TV companies who broadcast their own programs and those they have bought from other regions. There is a break for advertisements about every 15-20 minutes. 3 ____. In general, people think the programs offered on British television are of a very high standard. 4 ____. 5. TV and radio are also two of the main teaching channels used by the Open University. 5 ____. They also have to do without sleep as most of their programs are broadcast early in the morning or late at night! 6. New technology has made it possible for viewers to receive many more programs into their homes through satellite TV. The 1990s may well see many changes in British TV and radio.
Задание 5. Read the text again. Choose the best sentence from the list below to complete each gap. a) Radio 3 plays classical music whilst Radio 4 has news programs, drama and general interest programs. b) The BBC receives its income from the government, but the private companies controlled by the IBA earn money from advertising. c) Some people, however, are becoming worried about the amount of violence on TV, and the effect this may have on young people. d) This ‘university of the air’, allows many thousands of students to study at home for degrees they would never have obtained in the main educational system. e) The most recent independent channel is called Channel 4 and it has more specialized programs than the main channels.
Answer: 1 – b), 2 – a), 3 – e), 4 – c), 5 – d).
Задание 6. Choose the best answer to these questions according to the text. 1. Who is broadcasting in the United Kingdom controlled by? a) It is controlled by the Prime Minister. b) It is controlled by the BBC and the IBA. c) It is controlled by the government.
2. Which station plays a lot of classical music? a) Radio 1. b) Radio 2. c) Radio 3.
3. What is the IBA responsible for? a) It is responsible for earning money from advertising. b) It is responsible for looking after the regional independent TV companies. c) It’s responsible for education.
4. What do people think about the programs offered on British television? a) They think they are of a very high standard. b) They think the programs leave much to be desired. c) They think that there are few educational programs on British television.
5. Why is ‘university of the air’ so popular among the young people? a) A lot of light music is played there. b) This university gives them the opportunity to study at home. c) It has news programs, drama and general interest programs.