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Файлы » Общевузовские предметы » Иностранный язык

ПОИТ (д.), Английский язык, Контрольная работа №1, вар.4, 2016
Подробности о скачивании 14.01.2017, 10:19
Вариант 4 1.Перепишите предложения, подчеркните глаголы-сказуемые и укажите в скобках их видовременную форму. Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. Larger computer systems are beginning to use a new type of hard disk storage. 2. An output device displays, prints or transmits the results of processing. 3. A floppy disk is a storage device that reads and writes data on floppy disks. 4. Is he still loading the program now? Why doesn’t the system work properly? 5. Actually, the more common term “computer” is fast replacing the term “electronic data processing machine”. 2.Перепишите предложения, поставьте глаголы в нужную форму (Past Simple/Present Perfect). Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. The microcomputer industry (be split) between the Apple and IBM families of microcomputers since 1981. 2. Mark 1, the name given to the first digital computer, (be completed) in 1944. 3. Computers (change) the way we view our lives. 4. In 1946 two engineers at the University of Pennsylvania (build) their digital computer with vacuum tubes. 5. The rapid development of science and technology (change) the world. 3.Перепишите предложения, подчеркните глаголы-сказуемые и укажите в скобках их видовременные формы, выражающие будущее время. Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. They will equip this kind of computers with a disc file of extremely high capacity and access speed. 2. We are participating in a world trading show with a new ergonomic keyboard which gives an advantage to avoid key errors. 3. Our country begins to present its latest developments in IT sphere at the world trading exhibition next year. 4. Manufacturers are going to spend millions of dollars on research and development of relatively few models of supercomputers. 5. The company will have launched a new optical recognition system by next year. 4.Перепишите предложения, подчеркните глаголы-сказуемые и укажите в скобках их видовременную форму. Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. The age of minicomputers started in the late 1960s. 2. Some individuals in the computer industry believe that a new generation of pointing devices will soon replace the mouse. 3. The computers have moved into society rapidly and completely. 4. We were using speech recognition systems in many types of settings during that project. 5. It was stressed that technological advances of computers had affected games. 5. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. 1. There are computer based projects which are excellent for individual or group activity. 2. There exist two basic kinds of files: program files and data files. 3. There exist several devices used for inputting information into the computer. 4. There are good reasons to use magnetic tape, despite the disadvantages. 5. There exist many shapes and sizes of mice. 6. Прочтите и письменно переведите текст. Computer Categories The rapid development of science and technology has changed the world. In recent years computers have been used in all fields of human activities: business, industry, education, culture, health care service, economics, politics, mass, media, arts, in everyday life of different people. At present people have to keep step with the time not to be lost in the world of information. So computers are becoming of great importance for most adults and youth. Computers come in many sizes and shapes such as special-purpose, laptop, desktop, minicomputers, supercomputers. Special-purpose computers can perform specific tasks and their operations are limited to the programs built into their microchips. These computers are the basis for electronic calculators and can be found in thousands of electronic products, including digital watches and automobiles. Basically, these computers do the ordinary arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. General-purpose computers are much more powerful because they can accept new sets of instructions. The smallest fully functional computers are called notebook computers. Most of the general-purpose computers known as personal or desktop computers can perform almost 5 million operations per second. Minicomputers are high-speed computers that have greater data manipulating capabilities than personal computers do. These machines are primarily used by larger businesses or by large research and university centers. The speed and power of supercomputers, the highest class of computers, are almost beyond comprehension, and their capabilities are continually being improved. The most complex of these machines can perform nearly 32 billion calculations per second and store 1 billion characters in memory at one time, and can do in one hour what a desktop computer would take 40 years to do. They are used commonly by government agencies and large research centers. Linking together networks of several small computer centers and programming them to use a common language has enabled engineers to create the supercomputer. The aim of this technology is to elaborate a machine that could perform a trillion calculations per second.
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